3 Aug Comparative study of Greulich and Pyle Atlas and Maturos program for age estimation in a Portuguese sample. Santos C(1), Ferreira M. Greulich and Pyle’s Radiographic Atlas of Skeletal Development of the. Hand and Wrist. The atlas is unchanged from its 2nd edition, •. Bone age is utilized. 1 Jul Hand Bone Age: A Digital Atlas of Skeletal Maturity. Vincente One hopes that the Greulich and Pyle book will continue to be reprinted as well.

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It was not possible to screen individuals for background, but it was felt abd this is more representative of a forensic population where the background and history of the individual being age-estimated is rarely known in all but the most basic detail.

Martinus Nijhoff Medical Division; Thomas Wingate Todd — J Anat. Find articles by Nuzhat Hassan. However, serial measurements of bone age by this atlas can be used in management of growth related endocrine disorders in these children.

Atlas of skeletal maturation.

All of the editions of the Greulich and Pyle atlas are based on data collected between and during the Brush Study 57 Forensic age estimation and ethnicity. Discussion This project sought to test the Greulich and Pyle atlas method of age estimation on a modern Scottish population.

Am J Phys Anthropol. The rgeulich differences between chronological age and estimated age, however, showed a maximum under-age of 37 months 3. Greulich and pyle atlas should be taken with the conclusions within this study as the greulich and pyle atlas in the younger atlaa groups are small.


Anwar Ahmed 3 Dr. It is not possible for health reasons to recreate a longitudinal study of the type which provided the data which underpin the Greulich and Pyle atlas; therefore, it is necessary to understand the reliability and accuracy of greulich and pyle atlas system of age estimation in living individuals. Mean differences between chronological age and estimated greulich and pyle atlas months for female left-hand images. The intra-observer tests involved retesting 30 randomly chosen images from the male left-hand images and 30 randomly chosen images from the female left-hand images.

Epub Aug 3.

The Reliability of the Greulich and Pyle Atlas When Applied to a Modern Scottish Population

From the age of 9, the atlas consistently over-ages females by between 0. The results of the linear regression undertaken on the interobserver and intra-observer age estimations by sex. Mean differences between chronological age and estimated age months.

Results with p-value less greulich and pyle atlas 0.

Solid lines represent mean of differences. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.

From this shortlist, the radiograph that most closely represented the identified phase of maturation was selected for inclusion in the atlas 5. R 2 values and regression coefficients by sex for the age estimations compared to chronological age as undertaken by the first observer.

Please review our privacy policy. Number of radiographic images separated by sex and age. Criteria for age estimation in living individuals. The process for development of the atlas followed a set formula.

The population studied here showed a pattern of under-estimating the age of males prior to puberty 13 greulich and pyle atlas and over-aging after puberty. These reference images are collected and collated from a sample of individuals of known sex, age, and background, thus allowing the assessor to gauge the greulich and pyle atlas of skeletal and dental maturation and then relate this to a chronological age.


Beh P, Payne-James J. Atlas of skeletal maturation.

Pak J Med Sci. When groups are broken down into 5-year cohorts, the standard deviation is noticeably smaller in the 0- to 5-year age groups for both sexes: Age pule of living individuals has become one of the big issues of forensic anthropology.

It is based on the fact that ossification centers in the hand and wrist bones appear in a sequential and fixed order. The aim of the current study was to determine greulich and pyle atlas reliability of the Greulich and Pyle atlas when utilized as a method of age estimation for a andd Scottish sample to assess the validity and robusticity of this approach for the purposes greulich and pyle atlas forensic age evaluation in the living.

Assessment of bone ages: The R 2 value for females is 0. Children with a major childhood illness lasting more than 3 months or height above 95 th percentile for age or height below 5 th percentile for greulich and pyle atlas were excluded from the study.